The commune of Kożuchów is located in the south part of the Lubuskie Province, in the county of Nowa Sól. The commune comprises the town – the seat of commune authorities as well as 22 villages inhabited by 16.3 thousand people. The key activities of the town and villages are industry and agriculture. Others are services, trade and tourism. The commune possesses numerous valuable advantages for the tourism development such as natural and cultural environment, unique monuments, nearness to the Polish – German border, location as well as significant communications routes.
While sightseeing Kożuchów, it is worth seeing the town walls. The oldest chronicle notes on Kożuchów state that Kożuchów had fortifications as early as 1273. However, these fortifications were built of wood and ground. At the turn of the 13th and 14th centuries they were replaced by walls built of field stones put in layers. The ring of walls was surrounded by a moat that in some places was 20 meters wide. The town could be entered by three gates: Głogowska, Krośnieńska and Żagańska. In 1764, after a great fire, some parts of fortifications were demolished and this material was used to build houses. Up till now both the town walls and the moat have almost retained their original length and are unique in Poland. The Krośnieńska Tower is a memento of the medieval gate that allowed travellers to depart this medieval town and go to Krosno Odrzańskie. From the outside this tower looks like a stone bastion. Currently, this tower is the seat of the Regional Chamber which plays the role of the museum.
One of the most interesting monuments in Kożuchów is a castle. The castle built in the early 14th century replaced a medieval castellan’s castle. Throughout years the castle was the seat of dukes, the residence of mighty families as well as the order of the Carmelites. This construction was built in the Gothic style, however features of this style were faded. This building was extended by adding new wings on the north and west sides. Currently, there is the seat of the Culture and Sport Centre of Kożuchów. The castle is the cultural centre of the commune of Kożuchów. Besides sections and associations, this is the seat of the public library, knight’s fraternity and other associations.
Since 1997 the Krośnieńska Tower in Zielonogórska Street has been the headquarters of the Regional Chamber, which is a museum operating within the structures of Kożuchów’s Culture and Sport Centre “Zamek”. The Chamber is open all year round from Wednesday to Sunday. While visiting this Tower, everywhere you can encounter the gasp of history starting from the Middle Ages up to the 30s of the 20th century. On the ground floor there is a first-class treat for military lovers: the Chamber possesses a collection of medieval weapons – armours, shields, swords, crossbows, cannon balls, axes as well as halberds. In the Regional Chamber of the Krośnieńska Tower we managed to collect numerous mementoes dated from contemporary times and the 20s of the 20th century. Visitors can see everyday objects and a chamber from the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. In the Middle Ages these dungeons played the role of a prison. Currently, this part of the Regional Chamber is available for visitors.
Kożuchów has one of the oldest churches in the region. The Our Lady of Candles parish church was built in the 13th century as a one-nave stone building. It was mentioned for the first time in 1273, but the legend has it that this church was built as early as 1125. This three-nave church, which was made from stone and bricks and was several times extended and rebuilt, possesses a rectangular chancel. Its elevations have a dozen in-built Renaissance low-relief tombstones. Historians who conduct research on the history of Kożuchów claim that in the church there were buried Silesian princes – Henry IX, Henry XI as well as Catherine, princess of Opole and wife of Henry VIII.
The oldest town hall dating from the early 14th century was located in the north part of the Market Square and was devastated by a fire in 1488. In 1489 on this site there was built a new Gothic town hall located in the middle of the Square.
In subsequent years the town hall was several times changed. The present appearance dates from the post- War period. Kożuchów has a very well-retained and almost unchanged medieval spatial arrangement. Several dozen buildings date from the Middle Ages. These cause that Kożuchów is dubbed by historians studying its past the